Last edited by Meztijind
Saturday, July 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Culture and strains of the stinking smut of wheat. found in the catalog.

Culture and strains of the stinking smut of wheat.

Jess R. Kienholz

Culture and strains of the stinking smut of wheat.

by Jess R. Kienholz

  • 390 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Wheat -- Diseases and pests.,
  • Smut fungi.,
  • Smut diseases.

  • The Physical Object
    Pagination33 l.
    Number of Pages33
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16755380M

    zIn , studied smut on Wheat and determined two types of smuts were produced. Mathieu Tillet Le Carie, Common Bunt or Stinking Smut. Contaminated grain filled with “black, foul smelling powder”. Le Charbon, Loose Smut. Plant is covered with black powder that is readily blown away by wind. Common Bunt or Stinking Smut Loose Smut Mathieu File Size: KB. Dividend Extreme at 1 to 4 fl oz/ lb of winter wheat, spring wheat, or triticale seed. Do not graze green forage for 55 days after planting. Do not plant any crop other than wheat within 30 days in fields in which treated seeds were planted. See label for reentry restrictions. Dynasty at to fl oz/ lb seed plus a dye. 4-hr reentry.

    smut (smŭt), A fungal disease of cereal grains caused by species of Ustilago and characterized by dark brown or black masses of spores on the plants; for example, corn smut (U. maydis); . SEED TREATMENT FOR STINKING SMUT (Bunt) IN WHEAT Sprinkling method: This method i s not as effective as the soaking method and is not to be recommended when the soaking method can be used. W~ere. the wheat is only slightly affected ar.d it is run thru a fanning mill with a good.

    Genetically modified plants expressing KP4 demonstrated increased disease resistance to corn smut (U. maydis) in maize and stinking smut (Tilletia tritici) in wheat (Allen et al., ; Clausen et. Loose smut symptoms do not become apparent until ear emergence. At this time ears of infected plants emerge earlier, have a darker colour and are slightly taller than the ears of healthy plants. On infected ears the florets are full of a mass of black spores.


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Culture and strains of the stinking smut of wheat by Jess R. Kienholz Download PDF EPUB FB2

Bunt (Tilletia tritici and T. levis) [T. caries and T. foetens] is stated to be the most destructive disease of wheat in the Pacific Northwest [R.A.M., ix, p. It not only causes direct losses by destroying the kernels but also contaminates the sound grains to such an extent that during the period from to an average of 36 per cent.

of the cars arriving at the terminal shipping Cited by: 5. The symptoms of stinking smut or common bunt are not as apparent as those of loose smut. Although stinking smut is not easily identified until the time the wheat heads, infected plants may be slightly to severely stunted.

Smut-infe cted heads have a bluish-green cast, in cont rast to. Common Bunt (Stinking Smut) in Wheat Share Tweet Email. J This year there are reports of outbreaks of common bunt of wheat, also known as stinking smut, in a wide area from western Nebraska into eastern Colorado.

This article summarizes. In most cases, each of the cereal smuts are caused by a distinct species specific to each crop; that is loose smut of wheat is different to loose smut of barley.

Bunt of wheat. Bunt of wheat, also known as 'covered smut', 'ball smut' or 'stinking smut' is caused by Tilletia laevis (T. Common bunt, also known as stinking smut and covered smut, is a disease of both spring and winter is caused by two very closely related fungi, Tilletia tritici.

Creation Information. Leukel, R. W.; Faris, J. A., d. ; Tapke, V. & Rodenhiser, H. February Context. This book is part of the collection entitled: Government Documents A to Z Digitization Project and one other and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to UNT Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries.

Cereal smut and bunt diseases are caused by fungi which parasitise the host plant and produce masses of soot-like spores in the leaves, grains or ears.

These fungi are damaging pathogens of cereal crops, reducing yield and quality of harvested grain. In many cases grain receival points have low or zero tolerance of smut contaminated grain. This page describes how to identify, understand and. Common bunt of wheat (stinking bunt, stinking smut, ball smut) In wheat plants infected with bunt (Tilletia laevis and Tilletia caries), the fungus replaces the inside of the developing seed with a mass of stinking bunt ed plants are difficult to identify prior to harvest but may be slightly stunted.

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat (T.

aestivum).The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a Family: Poaceae. The prevention of stinking smut of wheat and loose smut of oats (Farmers' bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture) [Walter T Swingle] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Walter T Swingle.

other rather difficult to treat, like the loose smut of wheat. The present publication will take up primarily the stinking smut of wheat, and will mention the loose smut of oats, while the methods of treatment for loose smut of wheat and for barley, rye, sorghum, and corn smut will be given in a bulletin now in preparation.

Title. Studies in the physiology and control of bunt, or stinking smut, of wheat / Related Titles. Series: Department bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) ; no. Loose smut is found in wheat growing areas throughout the world. It is a seed-borne disease that infects the crop during flowering.

Loose smut is spread from field to field through infected seed. Common bunt, which is also known as stinking smut and covered smut, is a worldwide disease of is both a soil- and seed-borne disease, but it is mainly spread by spores that attach themselves.

Loose smut of barley is caused by Ustilago nuda. It is a disease that can destroy a large proportion of a barley crop. Loose smut replaces grain heads with smut, or masses of spores which infect the open flowers of healthy plants and grow into the seed, without showing any symptoms.

Seeds appear healthy and only when they reach maturity the following season is it clear that they were : Ustilaginomycetes. Among those that cause severe annual losses to crops are corn smut, oat smut, bunt or stinking smut, and loose smut of wheat.

Bunt is probably the most serious disease that attacks wheat at the young or seedling stage and spoils the grain. It has the odor of sour. Seed-transmitted fungal diseases of wheat include common bunt, also known as stinking smut (Figure 2); loose smut (Figure 3), flag smut, black point (Figure 4), ergot (Figure 5) and diseases caused by Fusarium (Figure 6).These diseases can cause varying levels of yield loss and occasionally total loss.

In the Great Plains region, those of economic importance include common bunt or stinking smut, dwarf bunt, and loose smut. Common Bunt / Stinking Smut (Tilletia foetida & T. caries) Disease Cycle. Common bunt and stinking smut are most commonly seed-borne diseases, but they can be soilborne and wind-borne as well.

Seeds become contaminated. Bunt, or stinking smut of wheat, is of common occurrence in most regions where wheat is grown extensively. Infection by the causal fungus takes place while the wheat plant is in the seedling condition; subsequently, the fungous hyphae permeate the growing plant and eventually invade the young kernels, converting them into masses of dark brown.

Host-Parasite relations in Loose Smut of Wheat: Kourssanow () reported that the infected plants were generally smaller and had higher respiration rate than the healthy ones. Mather and Hausing () found that the total dry weight was reduced by 33 percent, root dry weight by 32 percent, height by 11 percent in infected plants.

name “stinking smut” is also used to describe common bunt. Yield losses almost equal disease incidence because wheat kernels are replaced with bunt spores [1]. Bunt has been a despoiler of wheat since time immemorial 3].

Bunt has always been present in European wheat fields and was the f. Loose smut and common bunt are fungal diseases common to wheat in Nebraska. Planting resistant cul-tivars and fungicide-treated seed will help with control and management.

Cause and Occurrence. The smut diseases of wheat that occur in Nebraska are loose smut (Figure 1) and common bunt (stinking smut, Figure 2). Loose smut is caused by the File Size: KB. Seed treatment for grain smut [microform]: (stinking smut of wheat, oat smuts, covered smut of barley, broomcorn and millet smut, ' wilt' or blight of flax) by Güssow, H.

T. (Hans Theodor), ; Dominion Experimental Farms and Stations (Canada)Pages: 9.Wheat in New York State with particular reference to a history of its culture; the varieties grown, their origin, description, improvement, classification, synonyms and history; its milling and flour qualities; present day distribution and problems, and statistical data, with additional chapters on implements of wheat culture, cultural methods.